Introduction to IsNumeric
The IsNumeric VBA function checks if a cell is a number and expresses the answer as a Logical Boolean (
False). The IsNumeric VBA function is a counterpart to the Excel ISNUMBER function, but the expressions don’t always produce the same results.
This isn’t the first time you’ve seen me use IsNumeric in my VBA macros, but in this tutorial I’ll explain how it’s used and what it’s good for. Let’s get started.
- If IsNumeric thinks your expression is a number, it will return a value of True.
- If it’s not a number, it will return False.
The syntax for the IsNumeric function can’t get any simpler:
As you can see, IsNumeric accepts one argument: an expression of the Variant Data Type. I know, I know. The complicated jargon isn’t necessary.
All you need to know is that IsNumeric can pretty much evaluate anything. A cell, a string, a date, a range. It won’t choke up on any of these, but that doesn’t mean it’ll give you the answer you want.
For example, if you enter a range, like
Because IsNumeric returns True or False, it’s a great expression to include inside If Statements. Let’s take a look at a couple examples.
Check if a Cell is a Number
Sub IsNumericDemo() 'Use VBA to test if a cell is numeric via a subroutine If IsNumeric(Range("A1")) = True Then Range("B1") = "A1 is a number" Else Range("B1") = "A1 is not number" End If End Sub
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This example macro tests if the value in cell A1 is a number. If it is, the value in cell B1 says it’s a number. Otherwise, it says it’s not a number.
You don’t need to put the
= True in the above If Statement, but I included it to make the macro easier to read.
If you have a macro that performs arithmetic expressions, it’s a good practice to use IsNumeric to make sure your input is numeric before performing the math. As a side note, it’s also a good to make sure your input isn’t empty by using the
IsEmpty function. That’s another tutorial for another day.
Check if All Cells in a Range are Numeric
Sub IsNumericRange() Dim cell As Range Dim bIsNumeric As Boolean bIsNumeric = True For Each cell In Range("A1:B5") If IsNumeric(cell) = False Then 'Non-numeric value found. Exit loop bIsNumeric = False Exit For End If Next cell If bIsNumeric = True Then 'All values in your range are numeric '**PLACE CODE HERE** MsgBox "All values are numeric" Else 'There are non-numeric values in your range '**PLACE CODE HERE** MsgBox "There are non-numeric values in your range" End If End Sub
The above macro checks each cell in your range and the moment it finds one that isn’t numeric, it exits the For Each loop and lets you know there are non-numeric cells in the range.
As a programmer, you can perform different actions based on whether the entire range is numeric or not. Checks like this one give you more control over how you handle errors.
IsNumeric vs ISNUMBER
To test how the IsNumeric VBA and the ISNUMBER Excel functions behave, we’re going to make a User Defined Function (UDF) to evaluate the following cells in Column A:
We’ll use the native ISNUMBER function of Excel in Column C and we’ll use the the following UDF to represent our VBA IsNumeric function in Column B.
Function IsNumericTest(TestCell As Variant) 'Use VBA to test if a cell is numeric via a function If IsNumeric(TestCell) Then 'if TestCell is True IsNumericTest = True 'Cell is a number Else IsNumericTest = False 'Cell is not a number End If End Function
We’ll evalulate the expressions in Column A using both the VBA
IsNumeric() function (Column B) and the Excel
=ISNUMBER() function (Column C). You would expect them to be identical, right? You’re about to be surprised…
The two functions yield completely different answers when evaluating the same data. IT’S CRAZY!
By looking at the comparison image, you can see the VBA IsNumeric function considers empty cells numeric, but the Excel ISNUMBER function does not. That’s why I said earlier that it’s a good VBA practice to check if your cell is empty by using the
IsEmpty function when you use the IsNumeric function.
Another difference you can see is in how the two functions treat dates and times. IsNumeric VBA says times are numbers, but dates are not. It also says the combination of dates and times are not numeric. ISNUMBER, on the other hand, says all 3 date/time cells are numeric.
Congratulations! You’re now an IsNumeric expert! You certainly know more about IsNumeric than the average Excel user, and for that you should be excited.
IsNumeric is a great VBA function, but, as you’ve seen, you have to be careful when using it if there’s a chance your input may be blank or if you’re evaluating dates and times.
It’s important to know what a function does well, but it’s equally important to know what a function doesn’t do well. I hope you find this VBA tutorial informative and you’re IsNumeric in your own macros!